Межрегиональная общественная благотворительная организация 'Вера, Надежда, Любовь'
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27-A, Kirova St., Pyatigorsk
Tel/fax: (8793) 97-43-24,
e-mail: vnl@kmv.ru, idp@kmv.ru

Яндекс цитирования

(alcoholism)- biological, psychological and social disease, which is based on addiction of a person to alcohol (“alcohol”-in Arabic “stupefying” ). It represents one of the forms of deflecting (deviating) behavior.

How does addiction appear?

Being a teenager, a person begins to take alcohol, imitating, trying to be accepted in a company of the same age or older young people, aimed at independence, reacting as it seems to him / her on over-care, trying to show themselves and their adult state. Important reasons of taking alcohol are: inability to endure stress, to deal with troubles, bad mood, intensified anxiety, marked thrive of getting pleasure, new feelings at low self-control and at the same time lack of ability to get pleasure by doing some activity which needs efforts and creativity. Alcohol addiction develops on the basis of the regular and long-time alcohol use and is characterized by a specific pathological state of the organism: irrepressible inclination to alcohol, change of the level of its endurance and degradation of a personality.

What is the scheme of the addiction development?

The first phase: intoxication with memory fall, “blankness” of the mind. A person constantly thinks about alcohol. It seems to him that he has drunk not enough, he drinks “for future use”, and greediness to alcohol develops. Nevertheless he keeps conscience of his guilt, escapes talks about his thirst for alcohol. Soberness during long period of time begins to torture him.
Critical phase: loss of control over oneself after the first drink of alcohol. Arrogance, aggressiveness develops in a person. He / she blames the people around him in his troubles. He begins hard-drinking, his friends-companions become casual boon companions. Alcohol becomes necessary not only for keeping his mood but his physical state as well. On the next day after intoxication a person feels disgustingly, tries “to recover health” by the next dose of alcohol. In the result even larger addiction to alcohol develops.
The chronic phase: everyday hangover, personality decay, memory dimness, inconsistency of ideas. A person drinks alcohol substitutes, technical liquids, which may bring to poisoning and be followed by death. Unreasonable fears, D.T., other alcohol psychoses are developed to a person.  
Delirium tremens is one of the typical after-effects during hard drinking. It usually begins in the state of hangover when alcoholic begins to feel unconscious fear, insomnia, hands tremor, horrors (of pursuit, attack and so on), acoustic and visual deceptions in the form of noises, ringing, movement of shadows. Symptoms of D.T. are manifested especially at night. When such after-effects appear alcoholic are struck with vivid emotions of fearful character. He sees creeping around insects, rats, monsters, bandits attacking him / her, feels pain of bites, kicks, hears threats. He/she reacts in a heated way on his hallucinations: defends or runs escaping pursuit. In the day time hallucinations calm down to some extent, though a sick man remains excited, his/her hands tremble, he/she is fussy and can not stay at one place.
Another form of the psychosis represents alcohol delirium. It appears even after short time hard drinking but in comparison with delirium tremens it is not accompanied by hallucinations. Obtrusive ideas pursuit such people. More often it is delirium of suspicion, pursuit, jealousy. For instance, it seems to alcoholic that there is a plot against him. Have not seen way out from the situation he/she may commit suicide.

What are the consequences?

Functions of alimentary canal are violated at regular alcohol taking. Significant violations in a brain take place under the influence of alcohol abuse. Alcohol remains in a brain much longer than in the other organs. If a person drinks alcohol even “moderately”, he has “cemeteries” of dead nervous cells. Volume of a brain reduces, even alcoholics may be ill with dotage. A person’s character changes, he becomes easily excited, aggressive and his intellectual abilities are simultaneously being reduced.
The chronic alcoholism from taking beer develops 3-4 times quicker than from spirits. Patients suffering beer alcoholism come to doctor’s disposal in a very hard condition which is specified by marked imbecility and lowering of personality self-esteem.

How to resist addiction?

Alcohol is very harmful for developing organism. Alcohol use in teen age holds up development of organs and influences brain. One should remember about healthy way of life as well as about the fact that alcohol contributes to committing delinquencies.

It is important to know and remember that:

  1. Administrative responsibility is stipulated for appearance in the state of intoxication of the under age children till 16 years as well as drinking beer and alcoholic drinks in the street, on the stadiums, in the parks, in means of  public transport, in the other public places (art.20.22 Code of Administrative delinquencies).
  2. Sale of alcohol is not permitted to children under age (art.16 offederal Law “On State regulation of production and turn over of ethyl spirit, alcohol and containing spirit products” of 25.11.1995 #171- FZ).



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